How to Acknowledge use of SuperDARN data
The research enabled by SuperDARN is due to the efforts of teams of scientists and engineers working in many countries to build and operate radars, process data and provide access, develop and improve data products, and assist users in interpretation. Users of SuperDARN data and data products are asked to acknowledge this support in presentations and publications. A brief statement on how to acknowledge use of SuperDARN data is provided in the following link: http://vt.superdarn.org/tiki-read_article.php?articleId=376(external link) Users are also asked to consult with a SuperDARN PI prior to submission of work intended for publication. A listing of radars and PIs with contact information can be found at Radar Maps/Tables/Links

Welcome to SuperDARN!
SuperDARN stands for Super Dual Auroral Radar Network. The network consists of more than 30 low-power HF radars that look into Earth's upper atmosphere beginning at mid-latitudes and extending into the polar regions. The radars operate continuously and observe the motion of charged particles (plasma) in the ionosphere and other effects that provide scientists with information on Earth's space environment. The knowledge gained from this work provides insight into space weather hazards including radiation exposure for high-altitude travelers and disruptions to communication networks, navigation systems (GPS), and electrical power grids.

The SuperDARN Research Group at Virginia Tech (VT) collaborates with an international community of scientists and engineers to operate radars and share data. The VT Group operates five radars. For a summary of the radars and their affiliations, visit the Radar Maps/Tables/Links web page.

U.S. SuperDARN Collaboration
The U.S. component of SuperDARN is funded by the National Science Foundation under the Space Weather Research (SWR) Program as a collaboration between Virginia Tech (lead institution), Dartmouth College, Penn State University, and the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL). Click logos for access to the web sites of the U.S. partners.


In addition to the U.S. partners, the SuperDARN collaboration counts many international partner institutions that share an interest in studies of the ionosphere and the relationship between the ionosphere and space weather. Click the logo below for access to the University of Saskatchewan SuperDARN site that features a real-time data display based on links to radars in North America.


The Virginia Space Grant Consortium (VSGC) Undergraduate STEM Research Scholarship Program provides awards of up to $8,500 to rising juniors and seniors who are enrolled full-time in a program of study in science, technology, engineering, or math (STEM) and have a specific faculty-mentored research project that has NASA or aerospace relevance. Application deadline is January 27, 2023. See https://vsgc.odu.edu/undergraduatescholarships/(external link)
The VSGC Graduate Research STEM Fellowship Program provides fellowships of $6,000 in add-on support to graduate students to supplement and enhance basic research support. Applicants must be enrolled full-time in a program of study in science, technology, engineering, or math (STEM) and have a specific faculty-mentored research project that has NASA or aerospace relevance. Application deadline is January 27, 2023. See https://vsgc.odu.edu/graduatefellowships/(external link)
The VSGC STEM Bridge Scholarship Program provides scholarships of $1,000 to students who are rising sophomores or juniors majoring in STEM. Students from any federally recognized minority group in STEM and enrolled full-time in a program of STEM at one of the five Virginia Space Grant member universities are strongly encouraged to apply. Application deadline is March 10, 2023. See https://vsgc.odu.edu/stembridge/(external link)

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Dr. Atsuki Shinbori and colleagues at the Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research (ISEE) at Nagoya University have published a paper in Earth, Planets, and Space (EPS) that uses data from the SuperDARN Hokkaido pair of radars to elucidate the physics of TIDs observed in TEC data following the 2022 Tonga volcanic eruption. It is shown that ionospheric effects reached the Japanese sector faster than atmospheric effects due to conjugacy. Here are links to press releases provided by the first author and coauthors including SuperDARN PI Dr. Nozomu Nishitani::
https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/958792(external link)
https://www.isee.nagoya-u.ac.jp/en/news/research-results/2022/20220714.html(external link)
The potential significance of this finding for advance warning of disturbance in the coupled atmosphere-ocean system was picked up by the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) and reported here: https://www.preventionweb.net/news/shockwave-caused-tonga-underwater-eruption-may-help-scientists-predict-future-tsunami(external link)
Figure credit and citation: Shinbori, A., Otsuka, Y., Sori, T. et al. Electromagnetic conjugacy of ionospheric disturbances after the 2022 Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai volcanic eruption as seen in GNSS-TEC and SuperDARN Hokkaido pair of radars observations. Earth Planets Space 74, 106 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40623-022-01665-8(external link)
The PI of the NSSC SuperDARN group, Dr. Jiaojiao Zhang, has announced that the deadline for submission of items has been extended for the 2022 edition of the SuperDARN Workshop. The workshop will be hosted by the National Space Science Center (NSSC), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). The format will be virtual. Dr. Zhang adds that the pre-recorded presentations will be available May 23-June 3 through the Pre-recorded Conference Entrance. Note that May 15, 2022 is the deadline for submission of your pre-recorded presentation as well as registration and abstract submission.

The conference web site is: https://superdarn2022.swl.ac.cn(external link)

For a synopsis of the SuperDARN Workshop, see 'Read More'

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Following on a trip earlier this month to prepare the antenna poles meant for a dual radar build in Iceland for shipping, a Dartmouth College - Virginia Tech crew returned to the Blackstone radar site to actually load the poles and related hardware into two shipping containers. The trip took place June 14-16 under difficult conditions of high temperature and sometimes punishing humidity. The PI for the Iceland radar build, Simon Shepherd from Dartmouth College, directed the loading. From Virginia Tech four crew members returned for this trip (Mike Ruohoniemi, Kevin Sterne, Ian Kelley, Mark Higgins) and were joined by undergrad John Fiorini. The photo shows the crew triumphant after loading the second container with antenna base sections. On June 21 Kevin returned solo to the site to oversee pickup of the containers by a trucking company. The hardware is now on its way to Iceland to complete the 4th MSI SuperDARN radar build.
Photo credit: Ned Jones (Virginia Tech Southern Piedmont Agricultural Research and Extension Center)
In photo from left to right: Kevin, Mark, Simon, Ian, Mike, John
A combined crew of SuperDARN PIs, research staff, and students visited the Blackstone site June 6 - 10. The goal was to prepare antenna poles and hardware for shipment to Iceland where they will be incorporated into the build of a new dual radar site at Pykkvibaer. The equipment has been stored at the Blackstone site for about ten years as a site was sought to complete the build of radars under the NSF Mid-Sized Infrastructure (MSI) program. The new radars will effectively replace the previous radars located at Stokkseyri and Pykkvibaer. Much woodworking and heavy lifting was required on this trip. The DC crew counted Simon Shepherd (PI) and undergrad Nathaniel Alden while the VT crew counted Mike Ruohoniemi (PI), Kevin Sterne, grad student Ian Kelley, and undergrad Mark Higgins. A second visit is planned to relocate the equipment stacks into shipping containers for delivery to a shipyard.

Read All SuperDARN Technical News Articles.


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